Lion’s mane (Hericium species) are common fungi found on decaying trees throughout the Northern United States and Canada. There are three species of Hericium that are found in Eastern North America. They are Hericum erinaceus, H. americanum, and H. coralloides. All members of the genus produce more or less globoid white fruiting bodies covered in downward cascading spines
Recent studies also show that hot water/alcohol extracts of Lion’s Mane mushroom may strengthen memory and concentration and enhance cognitive abilities. This research indicates that the hot water/alcohol extract of Lion’s Mane may stimulate the synthesis of Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and may promote and accelerate the process of myelination (the growing of the sheath on neurons that enhances electrical impulses in the brain).
Lion's Mane mycelium must be extracted because the active compounds are found inside the cell walls, and, like all medicinal mushrooms, the cell walls of Lion’s Mane mushrooms and mycelium are composed of an indigestible fiber called “chitin.” Hot water extraction is the only research validated process for breaking the active compounds out into a bioavailable form.. .